Lemon verbena: plant native to South America from which the leaves are used. It has stomachic properties, promotes digestion, is a cough sedative, expectorant and spasmodic, and helps to decrease the fever. It is also used to aromatize many infusions and is widely used in perfumery, thanks to the richness and aroma of its essential oil.
Chamomile: plant from southern Europe from which the flower heads and essential oils are used. It has tonic and stimulating effects of the digestive system and secretions. It is a good antispasmodic and digestive, highly recommended when problems in this system. It is also used to treat problems with menstruation, such as dysmenorrhea or amenorrhea and alterations with the nervous system. As eye drops, it is used as an anti-inflammatory, to treat conjunctivitis and to relieve swollen eyes. It has no toxic or side effects.
Fennel: plant native to the Mediterranean basin. Fruits, roots and leaves are used. Internally it has a carminative effect, relieves intestinal pain and is used in different gastric problems. It also stimulates the secretion of milk in nursing mothers, it is a good expectorant indicated for the treatment of chronic cough has diuretic properties and its fruits and essential oil are antispasmodic. Externally, the leaves stimulate gastric motility and are used for eye washing. It should be kept in mind that the essential oil is partly toxic and the quantity must be controlled.
Sage: plant from southern Europe, from which the leaves and flowers are used, either as infusion or as an essential oil. It is a good sweat limiter, as well as other secretions such as milk and salivary. Accordingly, it is recommended for suffocations, but not in breastfeeding and in cases of kidney failure during pregnancy. It is also a good menstrual, estrogenic and spasm regulator, also acts in the digestive system, as a digestive stimulant and to decrease flatulence. Externally it is also astringent and antiseptic. It should be kept in mind that essential oil can be toxic.
Hibiscus: plant native to Egypt and India, from which immature fruit and seeds are used. The seeds have a stomachal effect and are used against bad breath. Externally it is a good local protector of mucous membranes or skin and has mucilaginous and emollient properties when used as a poultice. Tisanes are also made as a color agent, it is an aphrodisiac and insecticide.
Calendula: plant native to southern Europe and West Asia, of which the flower heads are used and rarely the leaves, both infused and externally. It has sweating, stimulant, antispasmodic, stimulant of the digestive system and hypotensive properties. It is recommended in cases of irregular periods mainly because of its estrogenic activity. It also has effects on infections, acting as an antibacterial and fungicide, it is used in skin problems such as burns, eczema, insect or jellyfish stings and irritations, as it calms and softens the affected areas. It has no toxic effects.
Stevia: plant from South America; leaves are used because of the sugary taste, are used in decoction and as an extract. It is used as a sweetener, to treat high blood pressure and arrhythmias and tachycardia. It seems to help reduce blood glucose, which makes it a good diuretic and tonic. Its effects are being studied but no toxicity has been recognized for the moment.
*Information obtained from the “Encyclopedia of phytotherapy and medicinal plants” by Dr. Josep Lluís Berdonces.