Rosemary: plant from dry areas of the Mediterranean, from which the leaves, flower heads, and sometimes roots are used. It is used to tone up the blood circulation and nervous system, it is a good liver remedy and also to stimulate menstruation. The essential oil is antiseptic, stimulates circulation and healing, although it can cause gastritis and irritation.
Lemon verbena: plant native to South America from which the leaves are used. It has stomachic properties, promotes digestion, is a cough sedative, expectorant and spasmodic, and helps to decrease the fever. It is also used to aromatize many infusions and is widely used in perfumery, thanks to the richness and aroma of its essential oil.
Ginger: plant from the tropical zone of Asia, from which the powdered root is used, fresh or dried. It is a good food seasoning, and is used for problems derived from digestion, such as flatulencies, hypoacidity, stomach pains, nausea, abdominal cramps, etc. It is also used in oral baths, for gargles and dental medications. Externally, it is used to treat the common cold or as an expectorant. It is recommended in patients suffering from migraine and pregnant women to minimize the feeling of dizziness and vomiting, to control cholesterol and to relieve rheumatic pain.
Black pepper: plant native to the eastern part of India and Indochina, and the coast of Malabar, from which seeds are used. Internally, it has stomach and digestive properties, being very common as a condiment. Externally it is used for rheumatic conditions, in cases of bronchitis and pneumonia. At large doses it can cause urinary haemorrhages or seizures.
* Information obtained from the “Encyclopedia of phytotherapy and medicinal plants” by Dr. Josep Lluís Berdonces.